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New economic study shows impact of lignite industry on North Dakota

North Dakota’s lignite industry continues to provide several economic benefits to the state through its high-paying jobs, business activity and tax revenue, says the North Dakota State University Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics, which is completing an updated economics assessment of the lignite industry.

Dean Bangsund, an NDSU research scientist who is conducting the study, said North Dakota continues to realize significant economic benefits resulting from the $18 billion investment by regional mining companies and electric utilities. North Dakota benefits from five lignite mines, seven power plants, the Great Plains Synfuels Plant and approximately 250 contractor/supplier companies that provide goods and services to the mines and plants.

“The combination of in-state purchases of goods and services and employee payroll from firms involved in lignite-related activities generated a total business volume activity of $5.4 billion in 2019,” Bangsund said.

Another indication of the impact of the industry on North Dakota’s economy is state tax revenue resulting from companies involved in lignite-related activities. In 2019, estimated tax revenues were $125 million.

Both figures reflect a modest dip from a similar study conducted by NDSU in 2017. At that time, business volume was $5.7 billion and estimated tax revenues were $130 million. The downturn reflects a reduction in employees and less coal mined in 2019 as compared to 2017.

The lignite industry included 3,623 direct employees working at the mines, generation plants and electricity firms in 2019, which is down from 3,883 in 2017. Those employees and lignite industry spending also support another 9,500 secondary jobs in the state such as those who work for contractors and suppliers, retail trade, wholesale trade, construction companies, personal service and banking.

Here are some other significant findings from this year’s report:

  • Average mining wages in Mercer County were $122,000 in 2019, increasing from $113,000 in 2017. Mercer County is the home of the nation’s largest lignite mine, The Coteau Properties Company’s Freedom Mine, The Coyote Creek Mining Co.’s Coyote Creek Mine and Dakota Westmoreland’s Beulah Mine.

  • Wages for electric production workers in 2019 averaged $112,000 annually.

  • The combination of mining and electric production wages puts the lignite industry among those paying the highest wages in North Dakota, substantially higher than the state’s average wage of $54,000 in 2019.

“This NDSU economic survey clearly measures the strong economic contributions of the lignite industry to North Dakota,” said Steve Van Dyke, vice president of communications for the Lignite Energy Council. “While the jobs within the industry are concentrated in Mercer, McLean and Oliver Counties, the economic benefits of this industry are felt throughout the state.”

Van Dyke noted that in 2019, the three counties – known collectively as Coal Country – were among the top 10 counties for annual wages in North Dakota.

Van Dyke also noted that besides the economic benefits, the state also receives affordable and reliable electricity from the lignite industry. Thanks to more than $2 billion invested in clean coal technology, the state is also one of only 14 states to meet all the federal government’s ambient air quality standards.

The study was commissioned by the Lignite Energy Council, a trade association representing the state’s lignite mines, which produced 27.3 million tons of lignite in 2019, along with the lignite-based power plants, the Dakota Gasification Company and contractor/supplier members representing many Main Street businesses in the state. Tonnage sold in 2017 totaled 29.1 million. Economic studies of the lignite industry have been produced by NDSU’s Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics since 1982.

The Lignite Energy Council is a regional trade association representing North Dakota lignite producers, electric utilities and approximately 250 businesses providing goods and services to the mines and plants. The lignite industry generates approximately $5.4 billion in gross business volume within the state.



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